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Behind the Myth of 3 million - Chapter - VIII: Behind the Myth PDF Print E-mail
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Written by Dr. M. Abdul Mu’min Chowdhury   
Thursday, 01 February 1996 00:00
Article Index
Behind the Myth of 3 million
Chapter- I: The Making of The Myth
Chapter - II: The Probity of the Myth
Chapter - III: Mujib's Search for Fact
Chapter - IV: The Truth that Mujib Suppressed
Chapter - V: The Recycling of the Myth
Chapter - VI: The Forgotten Humanity
Chapter - VII: The Glimpses of Truth
Chapter - VIII: Behind the Myth
All Pages

8.1. Why The Myth-Making?
So far I have examined the myth of ‘three million killed and three hundred thousand raped’, including the history of its fabrication and recycling. I have also given the reader a glimpse of the factual truth about the total number of people who could have lost their lives. The scale of exaggeration is stupendous. However, in order to put it in its proper perspective, it is necessary to look at the mind and the motive of the myth-makers.

8.2. The Mind and Motive of the Myth-Makers
Pointing to the Indian habit of exaggeration, Robert Fick, the 19th century German orientalist, had once remarked that in making up numbers the Indians have always been very liberal with 'zero'.[1] In setting up the fiction, the Indian policy planners seem to have remembered that at least some people in the world could be aware of their habitual liberality in matters of number and they have therefore made sufficient allowances for such people. Western world's ingrained prejudice against Muslim Pakistan was another reason which might have emboldened the Indian policy makers in thinking that their exaggeration would escape the scrutiny of such prejudiced Western minds. Looking back one will have to concede that in 1971 they hugely succeeded in making the world, especially the Western world, believe in their concoction about genocide in East Pakistan.

It was not the first time that the Indians have successfully duped the world with charges of wanton killing against the Muslims. For such instance, one has only to open a history book on Muslim Bengal. The Muslim conquerors of Bengal have been blamed for the destruction of the Buddhist university of Nalanda and with it the Buddhist faith in North-East India. They have been suavely condemned as blood thirsty barbarians whose sole mission was to destroy the culture and religion of the land. The indignation behind such condemnation could not be any stronger. Let me give an example from the renowned Bengali scholar and a National Professor of India, Suniti Kumar Chatterjee

“The conquest of Bengal by these ruthless foreigners was like a terrible hurricane which swept over the country, when a peace-loving people were subjected to all imaginable terrors and torments - wholesale massacres, pillages, abduction and enslavement of men and women, destruction of temples, palaces, images and libraries, and forcible conversion. The Muslim Turks, like the Spanish Catholic conquistadores in Mexico and Peru and elsewhere in America sought to destroy the culture and religion of the land as the handiwork of Satan.” [2]

Yet, the Buddhist, whom the Muslims had supposedly driven out of the area after destroying their monasteries and educational institutions, had welcomed the Muslims as avatar-like liberator: from the oppressive Brahmanical rule, as was testified by the Sunnyo Puran. [3] Their scholars have also given eye witness account that Nalanda was fully functioning decades after it: supposed destruction [4] and the Muslim attack on the nearby Uddandapur monastery was brought about by the Bengal's Hindu king's agent provocateurs' feigned plea for help. [5]

But, in spite of these indubitable evidence, the allegations were still treated as true. To give an example, a follower of Dr Ambedkar who has just written a scholarly book exposing all manner of Brahman chicanery in distorting ancient Indian history for the subjugation of the native population. Yet, the same author has allowed himself to be duped by the Brahmanical historians of Muslim Bengal in restating their contrived charges against the Muslims of committing atrocities towards the Buddhists without any hints of skepticism, far less disbelief. For, it has been artfully handed down to him through their so-called historical works. [6]

With such tangible proof of the efficacy of their well orchestrated accusations of the past, it is but natural for the Indian policy planners to have confidence in raising the cry of genocide against the Muslim Army of Pakistan. It is in the tradition of their 'Itihas-Puran' and is part of Kautilya's prescription, which, by the admission of Indian scholars, 'his South Asian descendants have adopted [7] in modern time with success. Irony is that a few people have the required understanding of the Indian mind to identify and counter the Indian subversion.

Moving from the Indian mind to Indian motive in creating the myth, one is bound to ask this question: Why was there such a mala fide propaganda? What did they expect to achieve out of this chicanery?

8.3. A Western Journalist’s Explanation
William Drummond, the British journalist, did also raise similar question: ‘Why then has Mujib propagated this genocide claim?’ The answer he found was:
"The first and most obvious reason is to galvanise Bengali opinion against the Pakistanis. A second reason is to lay the blame for Bangladesh's economic ills at Pakistan's door. If you are unemployed or if your wages have been cut, it is because the barbarous Pakistan Army has looted, raped and killed. A third and perhaps the most important reason, is that Mujib is using this claim as a bargaining tool with the Indian's to get captured Pakistanis turned over to Bangladesh." [8]

8.4. Why Galvanise Public Opinion Against Pakistan?
Why was it still necessary to continue to galvanise public opinion in Bangladesh against Pakistan, particularly when East Pakistan stood separated from West Pakistan? Was it simply to lay the blame for Bangladesh's economic ills at Pakistan's door or to use it as a bargaining tool to get the Pakistani prisoners of war for trial in Bangladesh? In this respect although William Drummond did put his finger on the pulse, he has not been able to read the rhythm properly.

The history bears testimony that Mujib and his Awami League had always indulged in the cheap politics of blaming their opponents - right or wrong. It is equally true that they have never shown any moral qualm when it came to blaming Pakistan. Before 1971 they blamed West Pakistan for the every conceivable ills taking place in East Pakistan [9] and, to a large extent, they succeeded in making a section of East Pakistanis believe in their lies. After the creation of Bangladesh, they tried the same tactic. In an effort to explain away the piteous state they themselves have brought their countrymen into, Mujib and his cohorts resorted to all kinds of spacious arguments for making Pakistan their scapegoat. But this became worn out in no time. Faced with damning criticism [10] and open ridicule, they soon gave it up. Likewise, the puerile move to bring back a number of Pakistani prisoners of war for trial in Dhaka for the alleged war crime had to be quickly abandoned by them.

Were these the primary motives behind their propagation of the myth, then with them its paddling should have also stopped. It did not stop. This clearly shows that despite their short term instrumental value these were not the primary reasons for propounding and recycling the fiction. Moreover, if they were the real reasons, Mujib and his Awami League would have had a part in its invention. Yet, as we have seen, the history of the creation of the myth and its tell-tale provides a different picture. The ‘foundries’ from which the myth was produced in stages; and the quarters which carried its dissemination did not belong to Mujib or his Awami League. In this whole saga Mujib and his Government were more of a ‘his master's voice’. Of course, they did not stop propagating the fiction even after discovering that it was a brazen lie. But that is a different matter. As I shall show later, Mujib was not in a position to stop but to act as a puppet on the string.

All Mujib really wanted was power and position for himself. As united Pakistan was an obstacle for him in gaining power, he resorted to acts which would undermine Pakistan, even if it meant inviting India's aggression for the destruction of Pakistan. Once he had his Bangladesh with himself as its 'ile Duce', he had no more reasons for abusing Pakistan. On the other hand, not only for the benefit of the people of Bangladesh, but also for his own benefits Mujib should have brought Bangladesh into the fold of Islamic world and re-cultivate mutual interests with Pakistan. His journey to Lahore for taking up Bangladesh's seat in the Islamic Conference was an indication of his recognition of this indubitable fact.

If either Mujib or his Awami League had no particular fear from Pakistan, why did he and the Awami Leaguers continued paddling the myth? To put it differently, in whose interest was this propagation of the myth being carried out?

8.5. Indian Stalking Hands
To unravel this mystery we may begin with the traffickers of the myth such as Abul Hasanat and Jyoti Sen Gupta. By his own admission Abul Hasanat was an atheist. His hate for ‘Islamic’ Pakistan and its Muslim inhabitants on the one hand, and his love for 'secular' India and its 'marvelous' Hindus on the other, were undisguised in his book. Because he had inner disquiet about Mujib, he had taken upon himself the task of advising Mujib to keep away from Pakistan. However self-motivated, Abul Hasanat was not speaking for himself only. In order to find out what he was really upto, one has only to know about his publisher, Babu Chittaranjan Shaha of Muktadhara. By his own confession, Shaha has been financed by the Indian Government. What is more, Shaha is on record admitting that it has been a policy of Muktadhara to 'alter and amend' all their publications in order to 'tune' them in line with the Indian policy objectives. [11]

Jyoti Sen Gupta was a self-confessed organiser of the 'Freedom movement in Bangladesh' on behalf of India since 1954. It was he who, in conjunction with the Deputy High Commissioner of India in Dhaka, had brokerred the 'secret pact' between Mujib and the leaders of the then East Pakistan Congress for 'secularising Pakistan' as a preparatory step towards its eventual destruction. After escaping arrest in Dhaka, with the help of some of his helpers’ within the Civil Service of Pakistan such as A.K.M.Ahsan (Deputy Secretary Home), Shamsur Rahman Khan (Joint Secretary) and Sanaul Haque (Deputy Commissioner, Sylhet), Gupta remained actively involved in advancing the secessionist cause, including finding arms for them in 1968 while the Agartala Conspiracy trial was going on and liaising with the Soviet Superpower on their behalf. Gupta was intensely active in undoing the foundation on which Pakistan was created and preserved. It was within this framework of repudiating the very logic of having any separate Muslim homeland in the subcontinent that he portrayed the members of Pakistan Armed Forces as incorrigible brutes. In several places of his book, a hypocritical Gupta even made claims that Mujib had announced that the Pakistan Army had killed three and a half million Bengalis. [12] Why was he so keen to raise the stake by giving currency to a more extravagant casualty figure even by falsely quoting Mujib? Given Jyoti Sen Gupta's background in Indian intelligence, should we not see him as an Indian stalking hand?

Likewise, it is not difficult to discern the same Indian unseen hands behind Ehtesham Haider Choudhury's invention. He was a communist 'sleeper' working in the Purbadesh, owned by Hamidul Haque Choudhury, a former Foreign Minister of Pakistan and an outspoken upholder of united Pakistan. The pro-Moscow Communists [13], like the East Pakistan Congress [14], never had loyalty to Pakistan and they were working for its dismemberment since its creation. Both the groups were supported by the Indian intelligence. With the conversion of East Pakistan into Bangladesh, and his employer Hamidul Haque Choudhury sheltering in West Pakistan, Ehtesham Haider had no difficulty in coming out of his closet and please his 'handlers'. It was possible that the old 'station chief' Jyoti Sen Gupta, who arrived in Dhaka along with some of his old secessionist associates within the civil service three days before the appearance of Ehtesham Haider's concoction [15], and had close links with the Russians [16], had played a part in setting up the whole thing. The timing of the appearance of the editorial was also significant, for it was the day on which the Bangladesh Government in exile came from Calcutta to take charge of the new state.

8.6. Indian Ploy in Getting the Genocide Charge Stick
While although India floated the fiction of three million killed from behind the scene, India's senior most generals had put forward the 'moderate' figure of one million killed. This she did almost silently without ceremonial. As I have shown earlier, the Indian figure is absurd as much it is impossible. The figure has no factual basis. Why did Indian conspirators then advance the lower figure in this stealthy manner? The ploy is not that difficult to comprehend. In questioning the preposterous claim of three million killed, sceptics will quote, and by implication accept, this 'moderate' Indian figure. An example of how this tactic worked could be found in Oriana Fallaci's implicit acceptance of it in the same stride as her rejection of the three million figure vaunted by Mujib. [17] Yet, the end result remained the same. The Pakistan Army remained accused of genocide! And this was what counted most.

8.7. India Wanted Bloodshed
Many people, unaware of Indian stratagem, failed to see India in its true colour in 1971. They thought that the conflict between Mujib and Yahya was wholly of Pakistan origin and it came to a head because of the unwillingness of the country's military regime to hand over power to the elected majority represented by the Awami League. A reluctant India, moved by humanitarian motive, came out in support of the 'democratic forces' and helped 'liberate' Bangladesh. Little they realised that Mujib was under the 'patronage' of India for a long time, and through him India was engaged in dismembering Pakistan. With the Indians now openly priding in their success and describing Bangladesh as 'the only case of a patronised insurgency in South Asia whose objectives were successfully achieved' [18] some of those uninformed impressions have changed. However, still some people have been left with the perception that the Yahya regime's refusal to accommodate the wishes of the people of East Pakistan and their resorting to Army action against the Awami League were responsible for the bloodshed. Hardly they realise that the actual facts surrounding Yahya's military action were wholly the opposite. From behind the scene it was India who instigated Mujib to create the political disagreement and then pushed him to transform it into a bloody armed conflict. The failure to recognise this hard fact is responsible for all manner of confusions, including the inability to detect the Indian design behind the clamour about genocide.

8.8. Indian Stalking Hands in Six-Points to Secession
Mujib had been in receipt of Indian patronage since mid-50s, if not earlier. When he begun campaigning for his Six Points, it was prima facie aimed at removing economic disparity between East and West Pakistan and for achieving provincial autonomy for East Pakistan. It could be argued that whatever was the ground for his demand, if the interest of the people of East Pakistan was his real concern, then he would have dropped them immediately once in 1969 the ‘principle of one man one vote’ was established and West Pakistan itself was broken into four provinces. For, these gave East Pakistan a firm control over the whole of Pakistan, opening up opportunities not only for redressing all her 'grievances', but also for steering the future course of Pakistan's development in consonant with East Pakistan's interest.

It was later claimed by Mujib and his associates that he did not avail the opportunity to lead Pakistan because his ambition was Bangladesh, without which the 'Bengali nation' could not have a sense of self-fulfilment! It was all bunkum. But, even if that was his aim, he had the opportunity to achieve Bangladesh, and that too, without bloodshed.

This side of the history is unfortunately not widely known. Let me give it in the words of some one who had reason to know about it. This was Abdur Razzak who said:

"Yahya gave such an offer that a compromise was reached. The offer was, Bangabandhu would become Prime Minister and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister. Yahya also agreed to all of Bangabandhu's Six Points demands except the one stipulating two separate currencies for East and West Pakistan. On the Awami League High Command's advice Bangabandhu accepted the compromise. We were greatly disheartened by this. Hanif got the news first and passed this to (Mrs) Sheikh Mujib. This proposal was given to Bangabandhu and his High Command on 22 March 1971 and they accepted it. It was to be finalised on the 23rd, and both the sides were due to issue a joint declaration. Begum Mujib sent the news to me through Hanif. Then I took Brother Sheikh Moni, Tufail and Sirajul Alam Khan with me and together we went to the residence of Bangabandhu. I am talking about the evening of the 22nd March. Like a mad person Bhabi (Mrs Mujib) said, ‘It is a catastrophe, you dissuade your leader’. She was a great woman. We stayed put in her drawing room. At nine in the evening Bangabandhu came. Seeing five of us he straight went to his up-stair bedroom without saying a word ... Before we left, he advised us to stay away from our home during the night. I spent the night at the residence of Anwar Hussain Manju. Next morning again I went. On reaching his residence, I came to learn that for the whole night Bangabandhu did not sleep. Bhabi said, you have set the fire on and for the whole night he did not come to bed.

He spent the night spacing on the veranda. After a little while Bangabandhu called me up-stair. I sat close by. He said, ‘You must not tell anyone, not even to your friends, what I am going to tell you.’ I nodded. He said, ‘You are right. I have thought about it for the whole of last night. No risk, no gain. Would you be able to carry the first stage? Be careful, don't tell anyone. I have decided what am I going to say to Yahya Khan.’ I told him, ‘We shall be able to carry through the first stage. It will be better if you can also arrange Indian help.’ Afterwards we had breakfast. Together we came down. Bangabandhu called Mr Nazrul Islam, Brother Tajuddin and Mr Mushtaque and took them to the library room. They all came out dark faced. I took Bangabandhu to the President House. Their he recanted from yesterday's agreement and demanded for the handing over of power to the East Pakistan Assembly. The world does not know the contribution of Begum Mujib in this. But we know.’ [19]

Abdur Razzak, the narrator of the above piece, and his friends were all actively linked with the RAW, the Indian foreign intelligence agency. [20] It was not the first time that Mrs Mujib had intervened with her husband decisively at a critical point [21], and it would not be surprising if the RAW had also spoken through her. What seems to have influenced Mujib in recanting the agreement that was reached on 22 March 1971 was the Indian wish passed through these RAW' link -persons' rather than their own power of persuasion.

Faced with Mujib's volte face and demand for independence, Yahya Khan still remained conciliatory and offered to hold referendum to ascertain the wishes of the people of East Pakistan. Instead of taking advantage of Yahya's offer, Mujib insisted on immediate independence. This hardly left any scope for a peaceful resolution of the political crisis. Moreover, preparations for a rebellion by certain pro-Awami League officers in uniform [22] led to the hasty and ill prepared Army crack-down. Some of the leading lights among these officers had been working for the RAW since 1962 [23] and it was clear that their preparation for the rebellion was instigated by India.

At that time, the public did not know the machinations. But at least a few foreign governments, other than India and Pakistan, had the knowledge of the dark side of the conflict. Thus, in his statement to the House of Commons, Sir Alec Douglas-Home, the then British Foreign Secretary, disclosed:

"The President of Pakistan, as we understand it, was faced with a situation in which his country might have been divided in half. We must allow the Pakistan authorities to deal with this matter without our intervention …The ironic
aspect of this situation was that for the first time [sic] it was possible for an East Pakistani to be Prime Minister of a united Pakistan, and this opportunity has slipped. [24]

Very few people in the world took notice of Sir Alec's statement, thanks to the Indian hype about the 'macabre tragedy being enacted so close to our border' [25] But now we can say without any shadow of doubt that the 'macabre tragedy' was, in the first place, of Indian making, and it was deceptively hidden from the world with the help of the feigned allegation against the Pakistan Army.

8.9. Why India Created the Macabre Tragedy?
India needed to write the separation of East and West Pakistan in the boldest 'letters of blood'. There were a number of reasons for that - both immediate and long term. A peaceful political settlement within the framework of a united Pakistan would have deprived India of her chance of dismembering Pakistan through bitterness. To create bitterness and hatred among the Muslims of East and West Pakistan was the cherished desire of Hindu India, as this was the only method through which the separation of East and West Pakistan could be made durable and perhaps permanent. Moreover, agreed settlement could have made two Pakistans in the subcontinent: independent East Pakistan and independent West Pakistan. Peaceful division would not have envisaged alteration of East Pakistan's name to Bangladesh. This was not acceptable to India. India's attack was on the Islamic name of Pakistan and its Islamic identity. Her own strategical analysts had no misgiving on this.

Although, a peaceful transition of East Pakistan to independent Bangladesh would have weakened Pakistan, it would have deprived India of the chance of creating a flaccid pro-Indian state on the soil of East Pakistan, which was urgently needed for the defence of North-East India. [26] Nor would it have left enough bitterness in the minds of the people of the new state to foreclose the possibility of their wanting to realigning themselves again, in some form or other, with Pakistan. India knew fully that the alleged 'Pakistani economic exploitation' was a hoax and once separated the people of Bangladesh would discover it in shortest possible time.[27] To remove these possibilities and to take the initiative directly in her own hand, she needed the ‘macabre tragedy’. It was the only means through which she could create a state out of her own clone and still hoodwink an unsuspecting East Pakistan and the world at large.

8.10. Mujib’s Last Minute Second Thought
Mujib wanted to be an ‘ile Duce’ by hook or by crook. This unqualified thirst for supreme power drove him to seek Indian patronage in the first place. But, like any client, his own goal and that of his patron's were not wholly the same. Mujib was not that unintelligent as to be unable to read the meaning behind the Indian push for a bloody separation between East and West Pakistan. But, having travelled to the brink at the behest of the Indians and their fellow travellers in East Pakistan, he had few option left either to defy them or to step-back. Still he had a second thought and hence his last minute decision to stay out of India's absolute control by 'courting arrest' and then the gentlemen's agreement with Zulfikar Ali Bhutto to keep Bangladesh within a confederated Pakistan. [28] That Mujib was genuine in his assessment that a loose federation between East and West Pakistan within the framework of a united Pakistan was still his and his peoples best route for escaping 'total destruction' at the hands of India, was confirmed by his discussion of the subject with Anthony Mascarenhas at the Claridges Hotel in London. [29]

8.11. Mujib’s Predicament and Indian Unease with Him
Mujib's second thought was too belated to be of any practical use. Of course, this could not be taken kindly either by India or by his own pro-Indian associates, even though out of necessity they all had to pursue the secessionist cause in his name and later crown, him as the ‘Father of the Nation’. It has been reported that on meeting Tajuddin Ahmed, an irate Mrs Gandhi retorted: ‘Where in the world has a general surrendered to the enemy leaving his soldiers standing in the battle field?’ Some of his pro-Indian associates would also continue wondering loudly: ‘What understanding he has had with Bhutto before he finally left Pakistan?’

Mujib's telephone call from the Claridges to Mrs Gandhi and the Bangladesh Foreign Minister Abdus Samad in New Delhi said to have finally 'persuaded' Mujib in publicly saying 'there could be no question of Bangladesh remaining a part of Pakistan.' [30] Despite his public utterance, it was doubtful whether Mujib gave up the hope of eventually realigning Bangladesh with Pakistan as a means of escape from India's stifling embrace. However, one does not have to be a clairvoyant to anticipate that the horrendous tales of genocide was a useful antidote to Mujib's belated second thought. After all his old friend Anthony Mascarenhas also warned him off on the same line. [31]

Mujib had an unease in him due to his absence during the ‘liberation struggle’. [32] His willingness to join the drive to ‘make Pakistan look more brutish’ was partly due to this unease. Besides, ‘shrewd and calculating and yet easily disarmed by flattery into a sense of power and ability that never really existed’, Mujib was given to playing different lobbies ‘using one against the other, as it suited him at moments of fast changing political developments’, in which he was not averse to falsification ‘to create new legends and myths’. [33] He was not morally discerning. Nor was he situationally placed to accept the factual truth, which his MCAs and the Inquiry Committee have found. It would have amounted to challenging the myth of one million which the Indians were circulating.

8.12. The Ultimate Function of the Myth
Thus, the accusation of genocide against the Pakistan Army remained officially unquestioned in Bangladesh, giving Indian proxies within the country the sanction they needed to propagate it to the new generations through text books and other means. Col. Akbar Hussain's snipe at the myth and the scholarly revision of it by the Senior Researcher of the Bangladesh International Institute of Strategical Studies were the limits up to which a Bangladesh Government could dare to go in repudiating the make believe genocide claim.

Since the myth has been left alive and kept in circulation by India and her proxies in Bangladesh, one is bound to conclude that as far as India is concerned the fiction has not out lived its utility. One should therefore ask oneself, what further use the genocide story has for India?

It is a useful device for fomenting the ‘injured psychology’ which a section of Muslims of Bangladesh came to have in 1971 because of the wild propaganda about the alleged genocide. Over and above, it is also a good means for spreading the same injured psychology among the new generations. It is pursued with a view to inculcate in all of them a deep seated emotional revulsion against what is left of Pakistan. India is hoping that through this process she will be able to create a permanent emotional and psychological breach between Bangladesh and Pakistan, and at the same time produce a kind of splintered Muslim self-view among the majority population of Bangladesh. With such splintered self-view, they will have neither the urge, nor the confidence for breaking out of the Indian embrace. Besides, those who will not succumb to any of this, and will dare to raise their voice, can be silenced in the name of the ‘three million killed and three hundred thousand raped’. While all this will go on, India and her Bangladeshi proxies will have a conducive ground and the necessary time for precipitating Bangladesh's ‘collapse and eventual merger with India to realise part of the Brahmanic dream about Akhanda Bharat’ [34] for which they were and still are working conjointly.

In this connection, one should not forget that some of the strategical considerations which made India more determined to seek the destruction of East Pakistan has remained unfulfilled even after the creation of Bangladesh. [35] On top of those, some new compulsions have also arisen [36] Besides, there is no basis to think that with the creation of Bangladesh the central foreign policy objective of India, i.e. a reunified India, which her founding fathers had set before her [37], has changed. The very title of Jyoti Sen Gupta's book - History of Freedom Movement in Bangladesh, 1943 - 1973 - says volume about this continued Indian aspiration.

If the Muslims of Bangladesh really want to save themselves from utter destruction that is awaiting them, the threat about which even Sheikh Mujibur Rahman had his inner concern [38], then my fellow countrymen must look for the ways and means of ‘defeating’ the Indian thrust. A vigorous rejection of the myth of ‘three million killed and three hundred thousand raped’ would be a step in that direction.

Notes and References
1. Robert Fick, The Social Organisation in North-East India in Buddhist Time, tr. S.K. Maitra, Indological Book House, Baranasi, 1972
2. Suniti Kumar Chatterji, Languages and Literatures of Modern India, Bengal Publishers, Calcutta, 1963: 160-61
3. Denesh Chandra Sen, Brihath Bango (Greater Bengal), Dey's Publishing, Calcutta, 1993 : 333.
4. George Roerich (tr.), Biography of Dharmasvamin (Chag lo-tsa-ba Chosrje-dpal): a Tibetan Monk Pilgrim, K.P.Jawaswal Research Institute, Patna, 1959
5. Kulacharya Jnanasri, Bhadrakalpadruma, in Some Tibetan Reference to Muslim Advance into Bihar and Bengal, Journal of Brendra Oriental Research Society, Rajshahi, December, 1940.
6. S.K.Biswas, Autochthon of India and the Aryan Invasion, Genuine Publications & Media Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, 1995
7. Subir Bhaumik, Insurgent Crossfire: North-East India, Lancer Publishers, New Dehli, 1996: 10
8. William Drummond, The Missing Millions, The Guardian, London, 6 June, 1972.
9. Osman Abdullah, Sonar Bangla Swashan Keno? (Why Golden Bengal Has Turned Graveyard?), Bangladesh Mukti Front, London. E - 13, 1974.
10. Abul Mansur Ahmed, Post-editorial, The Ittefaq, 13 October, 1973; Abdul Hamid Khan Bhashani, Awami League's Words and Deeds, Tangail, 1973;
11. Ghulam Mohiuddin, Muktijuddher Bilombitha Sriticharan (Delayed Reminiscences of Liberation War), Dainik Millat, Dhaka, 26 January, 1996.
12. Jyoti Sen Gupta, Freedom Movement in Bangladesh, 1943-1973: Some Involvement, Naya Prakash, Calcutta, 1974: 305.
13. After Pakistan came East Pakistan's Communist Party continued as an affiliate of the Communist Party of India. Following the split between the followers of Soviet and Chinese lines the Pro-Moscow communists in East Pakistan under their mainly Hindu leadership maintained their organisational affiliation with the Communist Party of India.
14. Cf Congress leader Monoranjan Dhar's interview in Basant Chatterjee, Inside Bangladesh Today: An Eye Witness Account, S. Chand & Co. (Pvt) Ltd, New Delhi, 1973.
15. Jyoti Sen Gupta, op cit: 434-36
16. Jyoti Sen Gupta was originally from my home district Sylhet. In 1972 I had a meeting with him in Dhaka at the house of Justice Ranadhir Sen where in presence of journalist Mubaidur Rahman he narrated many stories about 1971 including how he supported a number of top Awami League leaders in 1971 by obtaining financial assistance from the Soviet embassy.
17. Oriana Fallaci, An Interview with Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, L'Europeo, Rome, 24 February, 1972. [Cf the Text in Appendix - 1]
18. Subir Bhaumik, op cit: 39
19. Abdur Razzak, Interview, in Weekly Meghna, vol.III no. 14, Dhaka, 18 March, 1987.
20. ibid; and Subir Bhaumik, op cit: 33
21. Abdur Razzak, ibid
22. Jyoti Sen Gupta, op cit: 318-22
23. Asoka, Raina, Inside RAW: the story of India's secret service, Vikas Publishing House Pvt Ltd, 1981 : 51
24. Cf The Hansard of 29 March, 1971.
25. Cf The Resolution moved by the Prime Minister of India, in The Proceeding of the Indian Parliament of 27 March, 1971.
26. Subir Bhaumik, op cit: 32
27. V.K.R.V. Rao ed. Bangladesh Economy: Problems and Prospects, Delhi, 1972; Austin Robinson, Economic Prospects of Bangladesh, Overseas Development Institute Ltd ,London, 1973; and M.R. Akhtar Mukul, op cit :: 53-54, 168-69
28. Wolpert, Zulfi Bhutto of Pakistan, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1994 [CL the Text in Appendix - 2]
29. Anthony Mascarenhas, A Legacy of Blood, [Bengali tr. Muhammed Shajahan], Haqqani Publishers, 141 Dhaka Stadium, Dhaka, 1995 : 8
30. Jyoti Sen Gupta, op cit: 445
31. Anthony Mascarenhas, op cit: 8-9
32. M.R. Akhtar Mukul, op cit : 121
33. Subrata Banerjee, Stray Memories, in Abdul Gaffar Choudhury ed. Sheikh Mujib, Radical Asia Books, 317 Seely Road, London SW 17, 1977 :52-53.
34. Zainal Abedin, Raw and Bangladesh, Fatema Shahab, Fakirapool, Dhaka, 1995
35. Subir Bhaumik, op cit: 32
36. This includes the needs of Indian business to compete in the emergent South-East Asian market, especially those in Indo-China which were so long under state monopoly. One
37. Cf. Minute of Mountbatten's meeting with B.C.Roy on 12 January, 1948 in Appendix -3
38. Wolpert, op cit, [Cf. the Text of the Bhutto-Mujib Exchange in Appendix -2]


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-28 # 2009-10-13 18:04

Why did this issue come up in the first place after so many years? Pakistanis and their local collaborators are war criminals. Our history is well documented and the facts are established truth. I don’t care what is written. I am sure a sinister circle including the Pakistan army is behind the financing the disinformation cyber-campaign. Indian intelligence agencies should see if ISI agent trying to smear the joint Indo-Bangla war to liberate Bangladesh in 1971.

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+26 # 2013-12-21 22:27
So you still need Indian Intelligence agencies for your survival and justification of existense. Wonder then for what did you want freedom?
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0 # Ahmed Farooqi 2017-05-24 15:13
Wonderful reply. They have a habit of believing anything spoken by indian. Please read fact finding book of sharmila gosh
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-21 # 2009-10-16 13:32

Those who have lived through the time or studied the genocide committed by the Pakistan army in Bangladesh are not easily susceptible to forays into genocide denial. It appears that books like this are aimed at those that are not familiar with the genocide. It is vitally important for Bangladeshis to preserve the history of our struggle for independence. To fail to do so would be a dishonor to the memory of those who died and to those survivors who were tormented by the Pakistani army and the Razakars.

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+20 # 2013-12-31 22:55
What you said is only fabrication and denial of actual atrocities. Many books have busted the lie (manufactured by India). Beside logic and research, a lot of why we know the killing and rape allegations are fake is because of elders who saw that so-called genocide. You only want to discredit Pakistanis and patriotic United Pakistanis even by making up stories about your moms and sisters. If we really suffered that much, then you wouldn't have to force everyone so much into hating current-Pakistan and our former United Pakistan and force us into loving India.
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+8 # 2013-12-31 23:03
If you were not lying, you would not have to try this much to make us hate current Pakistanis and former United Pakistan patriots. Besides logic and research, we know you are lying because we know from older people who saw the so-called genocide in 1971. Stop spreading hatred and stop making up stories about your moms and sisters. Stop repeating stories made by Hindus to make us forget what they did to our Muslim forefathers before our independence from Britain,
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+30 # 2009-12-18 02:17

You guys are so pathetic. You have been bought out by the Indian propaganda that you are unable to see light. Can’t you see how India used you against Pakistan? and now the same thing she is doing to you: disintegration of Bangladesh.
You idiots thought Mujib was your saviour and thought promulgation of Urdu really would marginalize you eventhough during Sirajudaullah’s time official language of Bengal had been Persian and Urdu. Mujib (died a rightful death) deceived your inside out. You guys chose the Kuffars over your Muslim brothers violating the Holy Quranic injunctions against making friends with Kuffars.
You still believe in that myth of Pakistan Army raping Bengali women. Eventhough, there are numerous reports out there now which negates the well established beliefs. The declassified US reports, Indian military officers account, Pakistan military officers account, General Niazi’s memoirs, Sharmila Bose, Hamoodurahman commission report.
I first ask you what is the punishment for a defector/rebel throughout the international community? You will agree that it is pain of death. Mujiburahman started the racial divide by creating the language issue: to make Bengali the national language of Pakistan. Bengali, being only spoken in Bengal, could not have been understood in West Pakistan. Urdu, on the other hand, was understood everywhere. He then created more problems for Pakistan. He was not the one who fought for Pakistan movement. He was an opportunists working for Russia and then India. Mujib and his cohorts should have been hanged to death as soon as the revolt had started.
Pakistan Army was justified in her actions against bengali rebels. Any self-respecting country will do that. So did India too when she murdered all members of Khalistan movement. Unfortunately, Pakistan did not have loyal leaders. Their wrong decisions made everything worse.
Pakistan Military action ONLY begun when Mukti-Bahini hoards started murdering lacs of innocent West Pakistanis (specially Punjabis) and loyal Bengali and Bihari Pakistanis (who you morons hate). These Hoards of India were responsible for the rape.
Pakistan Military officers fought hard. Many foreign correspondents speak well of their bravery. It is the bravery of a Muslim soldier that Indian Military got tough fight. These Pakistani Mard-e-Momin fought so hard that they had almost regained the control of East Pakistan from the dirty hands of Mukt-Bahini. When India saw this, She then started the military action which resulted in the fall of Dhaka.
Then your Traitor Mujib showed his true colors after the formation of Bangladesh with his BAKSAL party. How he became authoritative and usurped democracy is not a secret anymore. He was going to make Bangladesh part of India that he was killed timely by the Pakistani military officers (yes those Bengalis who never gave up allegiance to Pakistan. I stand in honor for them).
And still you called this traitor Baga-bundu?? How stupid can you guys be?
Instead of taking the opportunity to understand the other side of the story (in order that some misunderstandin g can be fought and truth is revealed), you malign them as Pakistani agent.
Why? Why your small mind can not see things beyond the tunnel created for you by RAW? Can’t you guys see that Kuffars will not be happy until they subjugate Muslims? How dare you forget the mistreatment of Bengali Muslims by the Hindu majority before Partition.
For Allah(swt) sake, don’t regurgitate what Indians want you to regurgitate. Take a step back, think outside of the box and see things from Pakistani perspective. If you were in the same shoes, you will do the same. Don’t forget the recent mutiny. just think of how you wanted to protect Bangladesh integrity when recent mutiny happened, similarly Pakistan was doing the same. Listen to what these experts are saying. Don’t put blindfolds on your eyes. There is evidences everywhere. Secrets have been declassified. Eye witness accounts are available. It is time to do a serious reprisal of our faults, shortcomings and vow not to repeat it again.
Do the following ASAP:1) Watch http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ULpCroezFrY 2) Read “RAW in Bangladesh by ZainulAbedin (an ex-Mukti Bahini member) on 1971 war. 3) Read Blood and tears by a Pakistani writer about 1971 war. 4) Check the website of Federation of American Scientist on 1971 war 5) Read “East Pakistan Tragedy” by L.F. Rushbrook Williams.

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+8 # 2010-05-24 12:11

Asher, I have read all your comments and I will stand right next to you.

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-16 # 2009-12-22 12:52

65 million of the 75 million Bengalis in Bangladesh 1971 were Muslims. These Muslims were figthing kuffars like you, the NaPaki Army and the Jamati-e-Munafiqeens. These spawns of Iblis were stopped by the inheritors of the sword of Hazrat Shah Jalal, RA. But not liquidated with the hope that these being will see the Deen of Allah, and take up the siratul mustaquim. Alas, Iblis continues to keep them on the path of jahaliya, they continue to surface their faces into the path of the muslims, faces lacking the Noor of Allah. Their return is not disheartening, for we realise that even the Khatam-un-Nabi Mohammad s.a.w faced such kuffars, so for us to face you is nothing, it continues to give us the opportunity to fight in the way of Allah and slay and be slayed. May Allah grant you hidayat before the sword of Hazrat Shah Jalal befalls you.

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+13 # 2010-01-06 21:57

Don’t forget you are a Muslim FIRST. Your allegiance is to ALLAH (swt) not to any “Shah Jalal”. I haven’t even heard of his name.
It is NOT smart to REGURGITATE what you have been fed. As a nation you haven’t gained ANYTHING. You are still IMPOVERISHED and still face flood every years. You aren’t able to do ZILCH about it but you had the audacity to blame West Pakistan for your ills.
Now where is all the revenue that you claim you used to have? Now you got 100% of all of your revenues but you still are pathetically poor. You are worse than Pakistan. I see a lot of Bangladeshis working in Pakistan. You guys have so much poverty that you take lower wages in UAE and other foreign countries. Where is all the prosperity that Mujib promised you?
Think about it. Ponder over these facts. You played yourself into the hands of enemies of Islam. “They” used you as a pawn against their imperialistic objective. They not only took revenge of Islamic rule (Indira Gandhi’s said that) but also disintegrated an otherwise strong nation. You still have the same problems as you had before 1971. They only thing you have is just Bangla-language.
Go ahead eat, sleep, drink, and wear your Bangla language or better yet, sing “Vand-e-Mataram”. Your culture and language is sooo Hinduish. At least, Punjabis, Pathans, Sindhis, Baluchis switched to Arabic Script. While you guys stand proud of your Sanskirit origin knowing full well how Hindu Bengalis persecuted Muslims Bengalis before partition.
May Allah(swt) open your eyes and you stop seeing life through your Bengali-nationalistic glasses.
I STAND in HONOR for those Pakistanis who laid their lives to protect the honor and integration of Pakistan. I stand in honor to those Pakistanis who rejected Bangladeshi nationality. These LOVERS of Pakistan chose destitution over surrender.
I cry for them and pray to Allah(swt) to give them a place in Pakistan. These are our sons and daughters who Pakistan need to own. Unfortunately, the seed of racism that you bengalis have sown in Pakistan is soooo deep rooted in Pakistan, that no one is allowing these Biharis to return because they fear that it will increase the population of Muhajirs.
You guys are partially responsible for their plight on two counts: First sowing the seed of provincialism and Second, disintegrating Pakistan. Hasbunallaho Wa Naimalwakeel

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+19 # 2010-01-06 21:18

To all those worshippers of Bengali Idol,
You should analyze things impartially from the bottom of your heart. In Pakistan, many have done the retrospection and many believe that Bengalis were wronged. To this day, we have blamed Pakistan Army UNTIL some brave men and women came out with the other side of the picture. Agartalah Conspiracy had exposed the designs of Mujib and India. He was arrested (just like any sovereign nation would arrest the defectors) and should have been IMMEDIATELY hanged but unfortunately, our STUPID politicians didn’t realize India’s game and this Traitor was released who did the very thing which he was arrested for. That he announced the formation of Bangladesh while still in Pakistan and as a Pakistani Citizen. I call it the BLATANT FORM of defection.
It is simply logical how can the KUFFARS be your friend. KUFFARS can be friends of each other and not to any Muslim. The benefits that they have given you superficially is just a joke. In return of that, they have taken your freedom.
Knowing very well when and why RAW was formed, knowing that they hired Moosad’s assistance to disintegrate Pakistan and knowing the DECLASSIFIED information, I REJECT the myth of Pakistan Army’s rape. I am 100% convinced it is based on propaganda, misinterpretati on of events, lying and DECEPTION of RAW and “Mir Jaafars” of Pakistan. (I also include West Pakistani corrupt politicians and feudal hoards along with Bengali REBELS).
Throughout the Pakistan Movement, Congress and Fanatic Hindus incessantly worked on either stopping Pakistan movement or disintegrating Pakistan right after her inception. Historical records are available that depict the struggle between Pro and Anti Pakistan groups. India supported Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (a Pathan congress member), GM Syed (A Sindhi Congress member), Mujiburahman (May Allah(swt) award him STRICTEST punishment in his grave), Unionist Party members, some Renegade Baluchi leaders etc. RAW continued to support them. They were successful to an extent. We lost Kashmir, Junagarh, Hyderabad, Assam etc. We lost Khan Liaqat Ali Khan. After that Punjabi fuedal lords (who were loyal to British, Hindus etc) took over and then they fucked every thing up. They made wrong decisions and neglected many Pakistanis. No proper system was established. There was poverty everywhere. BUT that is NO excuse of disintegrating Pakistan. We should have, as a Nation, stood up against all the oppression and mismanagement. Why we didn’t rise as a PAKISTNI NATION? Why did we choose Bengali Nationalism over Muslim Unity? I wished this hadn’t happened. It all started with the language issue when Jinnah made Urdu the national language of Pakistan. How DARE you traitors reject that? You guys are the FIRST one to sow the seed of racism/provincialism in Pakistan. After that we got divided into Punjabis,Sindhi s, Pathans and then Mohajirs. I am EXTREMELY angry while I am writing this.
Now you tell me all those Bengali-loving Bengalis, why you don’t make any language issue when you immigrate to foreign lands. There is NO movement in UK or USA against ENGLISH. There you accept English as an offical language and are satisfied with Bengali being a secondary langauge.
Allah’s (swt) WOE to ALL those who subscribed to this Idols and prefer the friendship of Kuffars over Muslims. You will gain nothing but “Zillat” (as it known in Urdu)

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+8 # 2010-01-06 21:38

I wish you had realized this that we, together as a nation, could have conquered the Muslim belt of India between West and East Pakistan and up to Assam. We would have then become one big contiguous nation. We could have gotten WHOLE of Bengal.
It is still NOT too late. We can still join again but, maybe, as a confederation, union or mutually-cooperative block (like European union).
But first, we need to uncover all the facts hidden under years of deception. Please, Please and Please don’t hate those who subscribe to a different view than yours. Listen to what they have to say. Think about it and have the guts to admit the faults. How sure are you that it wasn’t Indian Army who committed the rape. Don’t forget why military had to be called. DON’T FORGET THIS IMPORTANT EVENT. If you think about it deeply many myths will be nullified. It was Mukti Bahini Hoards that started GENOCIDE of non-bengalis. They killed many, many, many INNOCENT Pakistanis which included (Punjabis, Pakistan-loving Bengalis, Biharis and other nationalities). These murderers were RUTHLESS. How can you say that THEY DIDN’T RAPE anyone? Those accounts have been CONVENIENTLY, either deleted or IGNORED. The number of killing was huge. I don’t know how much. When these traitors went overboard THEN Pak Army was called. They did what they SHOULD have done. KILL ALL THOSE BASTARD murderers who were responsible for all the FITNAH which resulted in so many innocent deaths.
I want you people to think logically. Keep all these facts in mind before you malign Pakistan or her Army. You can not get away with your crimes. If you are so vocal about Pak Army’s alleged persecution, then why CONVENIENTLY ignore the Mukti-Bahini persecution. They killed a huge number. I pray to Allah(swt) to let Muslims see thier enemies and be united under Islam.

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-10 # 2010-05-07 02:44

Good to know. Now that you deny the number 3 million, would you please be kind and articulate enough to let the world know, exactly how many of our people and women the Napak army killed and raped?

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+12 # 2010-05-07 18:34

You didn't read this book. Did you? Why don't you refute the writers argument if you feel so confident about yours? Can you please let us know why you people treat the 3 million figure as if thats a kind of divine entity. Where in fact it has no base at all. This shows the kind of hero worshipping you guys are engaged in. Just cause a despot like Mujib said so, you have to repeat it blindly. Don't you think the burden of proof lies on you guys as this imaginery figure was first purported by your master. So why ask others to prove it? Don't you think this kind of blatant lies and exaggeration severely affect you guy's credibility? Besides, the secessionist are solely responsible for all those people killed during 71. They have commited treachery in 71 and I'm sure they'll do it again. Bangladesh is still in severe denger by such collaborators of India.

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+10 # 2010-05-07 21:04

Reading Mr Fatemolla's comment reminded me of that famous quote, "Make the lie big, make it simple, keep saying it, and eventually they will believe it."- Adolf Hitler
The efforts to establish the imaginary 3 million figure as fact is a perfect example of such quotation in action. My question to Fatemolla is why not you show your arguments? The writer has already written a well argued book but still you are asking for more! What a joke! The onus is on you. Don't pass the bucket. You should be grateful that Dr Mumin has even bothered to spend time on such a ridiculous myth.

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+8 # 2010-08-12 18:50


You tell me Fatemolla how many died? Just because you are a Baksalite you have to support any numbers. If that idiot Mujib came up with 6 million you morons would have beleived that! Logics, Data does not work there...because you guys are Nastik and serving Raw's agenda.

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+3 # 2013-12-17 19:38
Please read a book by SHARMILA BOSE, an Indian Bengali researcher and professor, who wrote a book about this myth. Keep in mind she is INDIAN, so that you may have trust on the book. Because you don't trust YOUR half but you trust who SPLIT YOU into half. I wish you know the meaning of Ummah.
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+1 # 2013-12-30 01:33
For your question of how many killed, the # of people died during the operation were given by then Govt. of East Pakistan.
Now the figures might be objectionable and debate can be generated. But the figure of "3 millions died" is questionable too. Since claim of 3M was made by Sheikh Mujib, the evidence should come from your side too.
Enough have been talked about it and time has come that both countries should move forward after settling such issues. Let's be practical and realistic.
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0 # 2014-11-06 15:12
BTW your forefathers had a due share in the creation of this Na-Pak Army. Blame them too. 1 killed or 3M killed have the same meanings. Using a baseless logic for all those innocents killed in the process, you are doing no service to them except adding more insult to their souls.
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+1 # 2010-10-19 03:24
সরকার কি পারে না এর একটা শুমারী করতে? তাতে তো প্রকৃত সংখ্যার কাছাকাছি একটা সংখ্যা পাওয়া যাবে!
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+7 # 2010-12-25 23:26

Hey All! It seems you guys are fighting which is no service to the greatest causes of your nations. There should be a criticism but it should be constructive not the destructive one. History itself is a big surgeon, when it will do the surgery, it will bring all the truths out. Who is guilty and who is not. Bengali Muslim or Pakistani Muslim. I would only say that both the nations should concentrate over the integrity and well-being of their countrymen. Calling "Kafirs" to one another is not a healthy practice. Does ISLAM teaches you that being Muslims? To those Pakistanis commenting here; don't you see it at least blessing in disguise that Bangladesh is a Free Muslim State which didn't became part of India. Claiming brotherhood is easy than proving it. Pakistan should strengthen the hands of Bangladesh, how bitter our past is, even then we are Muslims. Leave the rest with the history to do surgery of this myth and if you don't believe in that then leave it to Allah (SWT) - Who is the best of the best Judge. He will not spare any Bangladeshi, Pakistani or Indian - responsible for those involved in the crime of killing of innocent people on both sides. May Allah Bless you all.

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+6 # 2011-01-03 02:10


Debunking the Myth: I believe there is still time to do a genuine survey on how many people died. But the problem is the AL hero-worshipers and the AL fascists will not allow it because it will kill the myth made by Mujib.
Let's say, even if the AL does the survey, with the accused murder suspect or the vandal judge as the chief, or any other fake AL judges people shouldn't trust the survey.

I know in our village only one person died on March 3. I was about to be killed by razakars but their aim was not sharp enough.

Like everything else polarized, I think the BNP is going claim the figure as 1 million including the Biharis, the AL will claim 3 million excluding the Biharis. But with a neutral survey we are going to claim something that is close to the real figure.

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-2 # 2011-01-04 18:18


Some commentators are missing the issue here.
For those who support 3 million is not doing any favor to the victims of Pak Army genocide in 1971,one pays respect to those victim only and only by bringing about the accurate nos or the truth or near truth.
It is true some pro BAL elements are promoting the lie of nos of casualty just because thier demigod leader Mujib mentioned it once and insisted on the numbers. It is really stupidity of highest order to blindly believe a fake number.It is of no importance now after 40 yrs but clearly the figure has to be non controvercial. Even if it was 100 casualty it would still be abhored and I will seek for trail of the Pak Army officers involved and War criminals during the event victim being either the Bangladeshi muslims Hindu or the biharis.
For some people whose comment supports the Pakistan Army action are also filled with all wrong information and analysis, another extreme of misguided veiw about the 1971 event.
Mujib never wanted separation of state he clearly wanted to be PM of Pakistan which he rightfully deserved after getting the majority in the 1970 election. Mujib would have fled to India instead of waiting to be arrested by notorious Yahya Khan's Govt.
So spent your time in reading history not just from heresay and make intilligent comment.

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+2 # 2013-12-17 19:30
Also mention those west Pakistani soldiers fighting against India at east Pakistan boarder, miles miles away from their home just to defend and save country from Indians. If u were one of them who would you shoot 1st? Indian offender at the boarder or khaarji mukti inside the boarder? I know people who chose to shoot Indian and got shot by muktis. I have met friends of those people. That's heartbreaking, you can't even imagine. I wish you people at least realize now you have been used. Allah bless you.
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+7 # 2011-02-08 10:35


No question, Pak army savagely killed people in Bangladesh. Yahya Khan used religion as a tool of oppression. Injustice can never be sustained. And that gave rise to new Bangladesh.
What we need to carefully examine, what is the realistic number? How can Sheikh Mujib claim 3 million death?
Pak Army were stationed in East Pakistan: 35,000 soldiers. They were here for 260 days (9 months) only. For an army of 35,000 to kill 3,000,000 people in 260 days, that's almost impossible. The sensible statistics does not add up. Sheikh Mujib always flab about his achievements, he had a tenacity to exaggerate, in short lie. Mujib lied, and no one questioned him ever?

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+2 # 2014-01-04 06:06
"Pak army savagely killed people in Bangladesh. Yahya Khan used religion as a tool of oppression. Injustice can never be sustained. And that gave rise to new Bangladesh." --- Yes this is what the Indians teach us but it's wrong. If there was no India there would be no change of East Pakistan. Pak army tried to eliminate agents working for India and this is the undeniable truth. Some East Pakistanis (and even W.Pakistanis) supported administrative separation of the two Pakistani wings, but that doesn't mean they supported intervention and invasion by India.
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+11 # 2012-04-05 18:43

Please don't forget the savage killings of non-Bengalis by mukti bahini.

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+5 # 2014-11-09 06:07
It's a shame to think that Bangladesh is standing on a big lie.
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